Glaucoma is an eye disease that causes damage to your optic nerve. This usually happens when fluid builds up in the front part of the eye, increasing the pressure in the eye, causing damage to the optic nerve. This can lead to vision loss or blindness. Studies have revealed that glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness in people over 60 years old, though early treatment can prevent it.
Diagnostic Tests for Glaucoma
At Prairie Eye Care, we screen for Glaucoma during every comprehensive eye exam.
We go beyond just checking eye pressure, your Prairie Eye Care optometrist can:
Inspect your optic nerve for damage
Test your peripheral vision
Take a picture or computer measurement of your optic nerve, and
As well as other research based tests
A cataract is the clouding of the natural lens in one or both eyes. This is a common condition that is generally related to aging – more than half of all people over the age of 80 have cataracts or have had cataract surgery. Some cataracts occur as a result of medications, trauma and UV exposure.
Testing for Cataracts
Certain tests that are performed during a comprehensive eye exam will allow your optometrist to make a cataract diagnosis. These tests include the slit-lamp exam, retinal exam, and refraction and visual acuity test. Your eyes may need to be dilated for these tests.
If a cataract diagnosis is made, there are ways to deal with it. One possible solution is cataract surgery, which is performed to remove cataracts. Your doctor will help you decide on whether or not surgery will be necessary.